An Overview of Work Measurement in Textile Industry

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Work Measurement

Work measurement is the application of techniques designed to establish the time for an average worker to carry out a specified manufacturing task at a defined level of performance (to measure the time of a work for a worker). It is concerned with the length of time it takes to complete a work task assigned to a specific job .

Objectives of Work Measurement
The use of work measurement as a basis for incentives is only a small part of its total application.

The objectives of work measurement are to provide a sound basis for:

  1. Comparing alternative methods.
  2. Assessing the correct initial manning (manpower requirement planning).
  3. Planning and control.
  4. Realistic costing.
  5. Financial incentive schemes.
  6. Delivery date of goods.
  7. Cost reduction and cost control.
  8. Identifying substandard workers.
  9. Training new employees.

Techniques of Work Measurement
The following are the principal techniques by which work measurement is carried out:

  1. Time study
  2. Activity sampling
  3. Predetermined motion time systems
  4. Synthesis from standard data
  5. Estimating
  6. Analytical estimating
  7. Comparative estimating

Of these techniques we shall concern ourselves primarily with time study, since it is the basic technique of work measurement. Some of the other techniques either derive from it or are variants of it.

Application of Work Measurement


Unit of measurement

Short cycle repetitive jobs.

Widely used for direct work.

Centiminute (0.01 min)

Short cycle repetitive jobs.

Centi minutes

Long cycle jobs/heterogeneous operations.


Manual operations confined to

one work centre.

TMU (1 TMU = 0.006 min)

Short cycle non-repetitive job.



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