Method study is the process of subjecting work to systematic, critical scrutiny to make it more effective and/or more efficient. It is one of the keys to achieving productivity improvement.
It was originally designed for the analysis and improvement of repetitive manual work but it can be used for all types of activity at all levels of an organisation. Read more…
Method study enables the industrial engineer to subject each operation to systematic analysis. The main purpose of method study is to eliminate the unnecessary operations and to achieve the best method of performing the operation. Method study is also called methods engineering or work design.
Symbols Used in Method Study:
Graphical method of recording was originated by Gilberth, in order to make the presentation ofthe facts clearly without any ambiguity and to enable to grasp them quickly and clearly. It isuseful to use symbols instead of written description. Read more…
Product life cycle is a business analysis that attempts to identify a set of common stages in the life of commercial products. In other words the ‘Product Life cycle’ PLC is used to map the lifespan of the product such as the stages through which a product goes during its lifespan.
Product Life-Cycle Strategies:
The Product Life Cycle (PLC) has Five Stages
Product Development, Introduction, Growth, Maturity, Decline Read more…
Method study is essentially used for finding better ways of doing work. It is a technique for cost reduction. The philosophy of method study is that ‘there is always a better way of doing a job’ and the tools of method study are designed to systematically arrive at this better way of doing a job.
Procedure Involved in Methods Study:
The basic approach to method study consists of the following eight steps.
1. SELECT the work to be studied and define its boundaries. The first step, once the Method Study idea is conceived, is the orientation and determination of objectives. The problem must be defined. Read more…
The daily production of clothing deals with many work orders, so it is necessary to complete scheduling. Scheduling means determining the order of carrying out jobs. Priorities can be determined on the basis of several rules:
– FIFO (first-in, first-out),
– LIFO (last-in, first-out),
– DDATE (earliest due date) – which product must be made first,
– CUSTPR (highest customer priority) – first the product for priority customers,
– SETUP (similar setup) – first the similar products which require a minimum setting of machines,
– SPT (shortest processing time) – priority for products that last for the shortest period,
– LPT (Longest Processing Time) – priority for products that last for the longest period.