How to Increase Productivity in Apparel Production

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The definition of Productivity is given as “OUTPUT” compared to “INPUT”. In the case of a garment manufacturing factory, “output” can be taken as the number of products manufactured, whilst “input” is the people, machinery and factory resources required to create those products within a given time frame. The key to cost effective improvements in output –in “productivity” –is to ensure that the relationship between input and output is properly balanced. For example, there is little to be gained from an increase in output if it comes only as a result of a major increase in input. Indeed, in an ideal situation, “input” should be controlled and minimized whilst “output” is maximized.

Increase of Garment Production some parameter are follow. They are given below:

  1. Improve line balancing
  2. Reduce line setting time
  3. Conduct R&D for the garment
  4. Conducting motion study and correcting faulty motions
  5. Hourly operator capacity check
  6. Use best possible line layout
  7. Scientific work station layout
  8. Use work aids, attachments, guides, correct pressure foots and folders
  9. Continuous feeding to the sewing line
  10. Feed fault free and precise cutting to line
  11. Training for Line supervisors
  12. Plan for operator’s Incentive scheme
  13. Operator motivation
  14. Inline quality inspection at regular interval
  15. Installing better equipment
  16. Using auto trimmer sewing machine (UBT)
  17. Real time shop floor data tracking system
  18. Eliminate loss time and off-standard time
  19. Setting individual operator target
  20. Training to sewing operators 

Higher productivity provides more products from the same number of people, in the same time frame. This in turn improves “overhead recovery” related to factory costs, such as electricity and fuel, because overheads are fixed within that time frame. So, the more products produced in a given time frame the less overhead allocation per product, which, in turn, reduces the cost of each individual item and therefore improves competitive edge.

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