Some Terms of Work Study

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Work Study:
Work study is a systematic technique of method analysis work measurement and setting of time standard that can be ensure the highest productivity by the optimum use of man power, equipment and material. FW (Frederic Winslow) tailor who is called the father of scientific management is the founder of work study. To operate/apply work study everyone have to know some terms of work study. It helps to operate properly.


Some Terms of Work Study:

Allowance time:

It is the time allowed to an operator for non performing task such as going to laboratory, rest, changing needle, taking instruction of supervisor etc.


Basic time:

It is the time taken by the operator to operator complete his or her job had she or he worked at 100% performance.


Contingency allowance:

It is the time allowed to the operator when uncertain problem occur.


Standard time:

It is the time required by operator to complete a job had she worked at 100% rating plus allowance time.


Bottleneck time:

It is the highest time taken b y an operator compared to other operator’s time, generally it is the time beyond the U.C.L.



Rating is a speed of a qualified worker.


Organization efficiency

It is the efficiency of the production time.


Basic work content:

It is the time contents the work without any undue loss of time.


Work count:

It is the time value required by operation.


Ineffective time:

It is the time means time loss due to different design fault, production fault, finishing fault etc.


Upper control limit:

Upper control limit is the time limit represents efficiency.


How wok study can be realized?

Work study method comprises eight steps, which are given below,


Select: Select the job to be investigated.


Record: record data by collecting organization by direct observation.


Examine: Examine data critically; what is the purpose of action, where is the place of performing it, the sequence in which the job is done, the person doing the job etc.


Develop: Develop the easiest & the most economic methods.


Evaluate: Evaluate the results of alternatives ways of doing the job.


Define: Define new method & time & present them to the concerned people.


Install: Install new method & train persons to apply them.


Maintain: Maintain new standard practice & set control procedures.


Observed time: It is the time taken by the operator to operator complete his her job as observer d time by work-study officer.


Relaxation allowance:

It is the time allowed to an operator to attend to personal need.


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